President Biden revokes Trump's TikTok ban
The department will also reportedly make recommendations on how to best "protect against harm from the unrestricted sale of, transfer of, or access to United States persons' sensitive data", including information such as "personally identifiable information, personal health information, and genetic information, and harm from access to large data repositories by persons owned or controlled by, or subject to the jurisdiction or direction of, a foreign adversary".
The new order also calls for a security review of the apps. Instead, it directs the Commerce Department to evaluate all software applications with potential ties to foreign adversaries including China and take action to protect data on USA citizens gathered by the apps.
In his new executive order, President Biden said that the federal government should evaluate threats posed by China-based apps and software through "rigorous, evidence-based analysis", and should address "any unacceptable or undue risks consistent with overall national security, foreign policy, and economic objectives".
The new executive order should lead to a framework for protecting Americans' data from China, rather than targeting specific companies, and could pressure Congress to enact a data-security law in the years ahead, said Paul Triolo, a tech policy expert at the Eurasia Group consultancy. The courts blocked those orders that never took effect.
The announcement highlights how the Biden administration shares numerous same national security concerns as the Trump administration regarding Chinese-made mobile apps, even as Biden withdraws the specific orders targeting individual companies.
Commerce will take action under existing authority that allows it to block transactions in the information and communications technology services supply chain.
TikTok quietly changed its U.S.
On Tuesday, the Senate passed a bill that aims to boost USA semiconductor production and the development of artificial intelligence and other technology in the face of growing worldwide competition. Part of his aim, officials said, will be to rally allies into taking on Beijing.
"President Biden is right to revoke these Trump administration executive orders, which blatantly violated the First Amendment rights of TikTok and WeChat users in the United States", she said.
The new administration's framework to evaluate apps will be flexible, allowing it to take a tailored approach that addresses the specific risks of each company, one U.S. official said.
The executive order authorizes the Commerce Department to begin vetting foreign apps immediately.
Allies say that Mr Biden plans to rally other countries against Chinese tech, which has quickly spread across the world and been incorporated into the infrastructure of many developing countries.