Tetanus: First pediatric case in >30 years in Oregon

03/12/2019 04:00 | 2

Tetanus: First pediatric case in >30 years in Oregon

The CDC said the young patient was given tetanus immune globulin along with a vaccine for diphtheria, tetanus toxoids and acellular pertussis (DTaP). After the ordeal, the family declined recommended subsequent vaccinations. The boy was hospitalised for two months after he contracted tetanus following an injury on a farm. Centres for Disease Control issued a report that says that the tetanus case is the first pediatric case in the state in nearly 30 years and that in 2017 the child sustained an injury to his forehead while playing outside.

A 6-year-old boy in OR fell down while playing on a farm and cut his forehead-and if he'd had his standard childhood shots, you wouldn't be reading about him. He went home and had his wounds cleaned and sutured. At that point, he was observed to cry, clench his jaws, and had unintentional muscle spasms in his upper limbs. He also developed opisthotonus, or the arching of the neck and back. When he started struggling to breathe, his parents realized he needed help and called for emergency medical services. The medical crew transported him via air to a specialty pediatric facility.

"Upon hospital arrival, the child had jaw muscle spasms", the report stated.

At first, he asked for water but couldn't open his mouth. That care included sedation, intubation, mechanical ventilation and later, rehabilitation.

What Happened During The Hospitalization?

The Anti-vax OR boy has now returned to normal activities after the completion of the treatment.

In the hospital, the boy had to stay in the intensive care unit. Thus, he was kept in a dark, quiet room for weeks.

In this particular case, however, the boy had not received his tetanus vaccine, or any other recommended vaccinations for that matter. He had severe fevers and his blood pressure and heart rate rose to risky levels.

The boy would end up spending nearly 60 days in intensive care or inpatient acute care, suffering from further muscle spasms, respiratory problems, and risky fever. Seven days later, his rehabilitative care began.

The tetanus bacterium secretes a toxin that gets into the bloodstream and latches onto the nervous system. Bacterial spores found in soil can enter the body through skin disruption, with subsequent onset of clinical illness ranging from 3 to 21 days (usually within 8 days).

The child was given an emergency dose of the tetanus vaccine, but his parents declined to give him a second dose, or any other vaccinations. The decision was made even after the doctors presented a thorough education on the benefits and possible risks of the vaccine.

A case of an unvaccinated 6-year-old boy from OR is helping raise awareness regarding the importance of vaccines. The fact that the bacteria is passed on through direct contact from an infected person, unlike flu, the public can not rely on other people being immunized. Measles is also preventable with a vaccination.

"This illness could have been prevented with five doses of the tetanus vaccine, for $150", she adds.

They released a report about a boy who contracted tetanus back in OR back in 2017. Tetanus is preventable with a tetanus vaccine, and widespread immunization has lead to a 95% decline in the number of tetanus cases in the USA since the 1940s, according to the CDC.


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